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Chronic tooth clenching causes pressure on muscles and tissue around the jaws and can cause injury and pain to surrounding areas and even headaches. TMJ or temperomandibular joint can be attributed to stress but it can have other origins. A large number of people who clench also tend to grind their teeth. Grinding is when you slide your teeth over each other in a back and forth, sideways movement. A dental night guard is the most commonly used treatment method. The horseshoe-shaped, retainer-like, plastic appliance with shallow borders that can be worn on either the top or the bottom arch protects the teeth from the pressure of clenching and grinding.
Adults and children who are active in sports should wear protective mouth guards. Damage to the teeth, lips, tongue and jaws are frequent occurrences. Actually, more injuries to the mouth are a result of sports than any other single cause. Wearing a mouth guard can prevent serious injury and save a lot of pain. Mouth guards are designed to help cushion the mouth, teeth and jaw, preventing significant damage where sports injuries are most prevalent. While mouth guards are not required equipment in many sports, wearing one is an important precaution for athletes of any age and ability.
One of the earliest of the special products was directed to people with tooth sensitivity at the gingival margin and exposed root surfaces — an expanding segment of an aging population retaining their teeth for longer periods. Although the number of brands of desensitizing toothpastes and gels has been increasing, the basic desensitizing ingredients have remained the same — strontium chloride, potassium nitrate and sodium citrate in a surfactant gel. The latter two are compatible with fluoride — not so strontium chloride — and ADA accepted fluoride-containing products have to have demonstrated anti-caries ability as well as desensitizing efficacy.
Lately, bicarbonate has been incorporated in some products for people with a preference for this ingredient, and most recently one desensitizing toothpaste has added a tartar-control component. These combinations are meant to encourage longer use of the desensitizing paste since they also provide the benefits of regular toothpastes.
A dental sealant is a plastic coating applied to the chewing surfaces of back teeth. Grooves in these teeth are so narrow that a toothbrush cannot fit into the spaces to remove plaque (what is plaque?). Dental sealants prevent dental decay in the grooves
Fluoride Therapy promotes dental health. Fluoride promotes the remineralization process which results in the formation of new tooth material. Fluoride also inhibits bacteria’s ability to create acids which can result in less remineralization. Fluoride can be applied in dentifrices, mouthrinses, gels/ foams, varnishes, dietary fluoride supplements, and water fluoridation.